By John MacGinnis

ISBN-10: 178297797X

ISBN-13: 9781782977971

The urban of Erbil, which now claims to be one of many oldest regularly inhabited towns on the planet, lies at the wealthy alluvial plains on the foot of the piedmont of the Zagros mountains in a strategic place which from the earliest instances made it a traditional gateway among Iran and Mesopotamia. in the context of old Mesopotamian civilisation there might be doubtless that it'll were essentially the most very important city centres. but whereas the fort of Erbil is with no query a domain of outstanding curiosity, archaeologically the mound has till lately remained nearly untouched. nevertheless wealthy documentation permits us to appreciate the context within which town grew and flourished. This paintings is devoted to the cuneiform resources. jointly those contain hundreds and hundreds of records stretching from the past due 3rd millennium to the mid first millennium BC. the first actual references, in administrative records from the documents of the royal palace at Ebla, date to ca. 2300 BC. within the eras that persist with texts written in Sumerian after which Akkadian attest to the city's sessions of independence alternating with its incorporation within the Ur III, Assyrian and Babylonian empires. From the Achaemenid interval, whereas the Elamite texts from Persepolis are in general unpublished, Erbil does seem either within the well-known inscription of Darius I at Behistun and within the celebrated Passport of Nehtihur, an Aramaic rfile from Elephantine in Egypt. The resources comprise a wide selection of administrative texts, royal inscriptions, offers, chronicles, letters, votive dedications and oracular pronouncements which jointly provide a special perception into the historical past and society of this extraordinary city.

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A City from the Dawn of History: Erbil in the Cuneiform Sources by John MacGinnis

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